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Vol. 214. Issue 7.
Pages 371-376 (October 2014)
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Vol. 214. Issue 7.
Pages 371-376 (October 2014)
Brief Original
The resident as teacher: Medical students’ perception in a Spanish university
El residente como docente: percepción de estudiantes de medicina de una universidad española
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D. Bernal Belloa,
Corresponding author
david.bernal@salud.madrid.org

Corresponding author.
, J. García de Tenab,f, B. Jaenes Barriosc,d, B. Martínez Lasherasb,f, G. de Arriba de la Fuentee,f, M. Rodríguez Zapatab,f
a Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada, Fuenlabrada, Madrid, Spain
b Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain
c Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria, Centro de Salud Las Margaritas, Getafe, Madrid, Spain
d Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Rey Juan Carlos, Móstoles, Madrid, Spain
e Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain
f Departamento de Medicina y Especialidades Médicas, Universidad de Alcalá, Madrid, Spain
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Figures (1)
Tables (2)
Table 1. Mean assessment of healthcare and teaching skills for resident medical internists and physician staff during the practical training period according to a 5-point Likert scale (1=very poor; 2=poor; 3=regular; 4=good and 5=very good).
Table 2. Mean assessment of the skills of residents and assistants by students willing to tutor students from previous years compared with those who are not willing.
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Abstract
Background and objectives

Residents play an important but scanty assessed role in medical students teaching. The aim of this study was to assess the perception of medical students about residents’ teaching activity.

Materials and methods

Autofilled survey provided to medical students of the University of Alcalá (Spain) in the final year in their school of medicine. Student opinion about care and teaching abilities of residents and physicians was evaluated using a 5-point Likert scale.

Results

104 surveys were collected. A 69.9% of students consider that as much as 50% of their knowledge came from rounds with residents. Students believe that resident teaching lacks enough academical acknowledgment (94.2%); they estimate necessary to acquire teaching skills during residency (82.7%), and they would like to provide tutoring other medical students (88.5%). Students rated residents better than physicians on relational and motivational abilities.

Conclusions

There is a positive view about resident as a teacher among medical students, which suggests the need to improve the resident's teaching skills.

Keywords:
Medical education
Undergraduate
Medical education
Graduate
Hospital medical staff
Medical schools
Medical students
Residence and internship
Resumen
Fundamento y objetivos

El médico residente desempeña una labor importante, aunque escasamente evaluada, en la enseñanza del estudiante de medicina. El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer la opinión de los estudiantes sobre la actividad docente del residente.

Material y método

Encuesta autocumplimentada por estudiantes de medicina de la Universidad de Alcalá (España) durante el último año de su formación universitaria. Se evaluó la opinión de los estudiantes en relación con las habilidades docentes y asistenciales de los residentes y de los facultativos especialistas según una escala de Likert de 5 puntos.

Resultados

Se obtuvieron 104 encuestas. Un 69,9% de los alumnos percibían al residente como fuente de más de la mitad de lo aprendido durante sus prácticas. Los estudiantes piensan que la labor docente del residente no está suficientemente reconocida (94,2%), creen necesaria la adquisición de habilidades docentes durante la residencia (82,7%) y se muestran favorables a tutorizar a alumnos de cursos anteriores (88,5%). Además, puntúan mejor al residente en habilidades relacionales en comparación con los facultativos especialistas.

Conclusiones

Existe una percepción positiva del residente como docente entre los estudiantes de medicina, lo que sugiere la necesidad de mejorar las habilidades docentes del residente.

Palabras clave:
Educación Médica
Pregrado
Educación Médica
Grado
Personal plantillas médicas hospitalarias
Facultades de Medicina
Estudiantes de Medicina
Residencia e Internado

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