Revista Clínica Española Revista Clínica Española
Rev Clin Esp 2002;202:249-54 - Vol. 202 Núm.5
La tuberculosis en la provincia de Zaragoza. Estimación mediante el método captura-recaptura
Tuberculosis in the Zaragoza province. Estimation by means of the capture-recapture method
M J. Iglesias Gozaloa, M J. Rabanaque Hernándeza, L I. Gómez Lópezb
a Departamento de Microbiología, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Zaragoza.
b Dirección General de Ordenación, Planificación y Evaluación. Diputación General de Aragón.
Resumen
Introduction. Tuberculosis (TB) is an underreported condition to the Communicable Diseases Control System (CDCS). The objective of this work was to estimate the actual incidence of tuberculosis and the epidemiological characteristics of the diseases in the Zaragoza province. Material and methods. Retrospective study in which the capture-recapture method was used to estimate the number of tuberculosis cases, by using the microbiology laboratories and the CDSC as data sources. The socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of diagnosed patients throughout three years in this province were analyzed. Results. The mean annual incidence rate of TB was 22.02 per 100,000 inhabitants according to microbiological data, and 48.5 per 100,000 according to the capture-recapture method. A total of 569 patients were studied, and 400 of them were males (70.3%). The mean age was 43.2 years, and the 25-34 year-old group had the highest number of cases (27.9%). Twenty-three percent of cases were co-infected with HIV, and 77.4% were parenteral drug abusers, and 4.4% immigrants. Conclusions. The capture-recapture method has demonstrated to be useful to know the relevance of TB in our setting. The actual incidence of tuberculosis was higher than that pointed out by the CDCS. Relevant differences were observed regarding incidence rates by age and sex groups. HIV infection and immigration do not appear to explain the frequency of this disease in our setting.
Palabras clave
tuberculosis, captura-recaptura, epidemiología
Keywords
tuberculosis, capture-recapture, epidemiology
Rev Clin Esp 2002;202:249-54 - Vol. 202 Núm.5